According to Homer, Agamemnon was given his king’s sceptre and right to rule Mycenae and all the Achaean Greeks by Zeus himself.
Agamemnon is described as a great warrior and so is a worthy leader of men.
According to Plato, his name derives from “menein”meaning ‘to endure’.
Mycenae, located 15 km from the sea in the northern Peloponnese, then prospered and Homer describes the city as a ‘well-founded citadel’, as ‘wide-wayed’ and as ‘golden Mycenae’.
This mythological prosperity is supported by the excavation of over 15 kilograms of gold objects recovered from the shaft graves in the fortified acropolis which still dominates the plain today.
Further excavations have also revealed that the city once covered 30,000 square metres and was first inhabited in Neolithic times.
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